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Gabriel Mendoza
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Panipat Book by Vishwas Patil: A Must-Read for Every History Lover (PDF Download)

Panipat Book by Vishwas Patil PDF Download

If you are interested in learning about one of the most significant and tragic battles in Indian history, then you should read Panipat by Vishwas Patil. This book is a historical novel that narrates the events and characters of the Third Battle of Panipat, which took place in 1761 between the Maratha Empire and the Afghan invaders led by Ahmad Shah Abdali. In this article, we will give you a brief summary, review, and download link of this book.

panipat book by vishwas patil pdf download


What is Panipat Book?

Panipat is a Marathi book written by Vishwas Patil, a renowned author and civil servant. It was first published in 1988 and has since been translated into several languages, including Hindi and English. The book is based on extensive research and historical sources, and it recreates the atmosphere, emotions, and details of the Third Battle of Panipat with vivid descriptions and dialogues. The book has won several awards and accolades, such as the Sahitya Akademi Award, the Hari Narayan Apte Award, and the Maharashtra State Award.

Why is Panipat Book important?

Panipat is important because it tells the story of a crucial turning point in Indian history. The Third Battle of Panipat was one of the largest and bloodiest battles ever fought on Indian soil, and it resulted in a decisive victory for the Afghans over the Marathas. The battle had far-reaching consequences for both sides, as it marked the end of the Maratha supremacy in northern India and paved the way for the British colonial rule. The battle also showcased the bravery, sacrifice, and patriotism of the Maratha warriors, who fought valiantly against overwhelming odds and suffered heavy casualties. The book also highlights the role of various other Indian states and rulers, such as the Sikhs, Rajputs, Jats, Mughals, Rohillas, Nawabs, etc., who were involved in or affected by the battle.

How to download Panipat Book PDF?

If you want to download Panipat book PDF for free, you can use one of the following links:

Alternatively, you can also buy a hard copy of Panipat book from online or offline bookstores.

Panipat Book Summary

The background of the Third Battle of Panipat

The Third Battle of Panipat was the culmination of a long-standing rivalry and conflict between the Maratha Empire and the Afghan invaders. The Maratha Empire was a powerful and expanding state that emerged in the 17th century under the leadership of Shivaji and his successors. The Marathas had successfully challenged the Mughal Empire and established their dominance over most of India. They had also extended their influence to the north-western regions, such as Punjab, Sindh, and Afghanistan, where they faced resistance from the Afghan tribes and rulers. The Afghans were led by Ahmad Shah Abdali, also known as Ahmad Shah Durrani, who was the founder of the Durrani Empire and a former general of Nadir Shah, the Persian conqueror. Abdali had invaded India several times between 1748 and 1761, plundering and destroying many cities and territories. He had also clashed with the Marathas on several occasions, such as the Battle of Delhi (1757), the Siege of Lahore (1758), and the Battle of Attock (1759).

The main characters of the Panipat Book

The book introduces and portrays many historical figures who played important roles in the Third Battle of Panipat. Some of the main characters are:

  • Sadashivrao Bhau: He was the commander-in-chief of the Maratha army and a cousin of Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, the prime minister of the Maratha Empire. He was a brave, loyal, and skilled leader, who had won many battles and campaigns for the Marathas. He was also a devout Hindu, who respected all religions and sects. He led a massive army of about 60,000 soldiers, along with thousands of civilians, towards Delhi to confront Abdali.

  • Vishwasrao: He was the son of Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao and the heir apparent of the Maratha Empire. He was a young, handsome, and intelligent prince, who had accompanied Bhau as his deputy. He was also in love with Parvatibai, Bhau's daughter.

  • Parvatibai: She was the daughter of Bhau and his wife Umabai. She was a beautiful, courageous, and devoted woman, who had followed Bhau to the battlefield. She was also in love with Vishwasrao.

  • Malharrao Holkar: He was one of the most prominent generals and nobles of the Maratha Empire. He was a veteran warrior, who had fought in many battles and wars for the Marathas. He was also a loyal friend and supporter of Bhau.

  • Ibrahim Khan Gardi: He was a former Mughal officer, who had joined the Maratha army as an artillery expert. He was a brave, honest, and skilled commander, who had trained and led a contingent of about 10,000 soldiers, mostly Muslims.

  • Ahmad Shah Abdali: He was the king of Afghanistan and the leader of the Afghan invaders. He was a ruthless, ambitious, and cunning ruler, who had conquered many lands and peoples. He had a large army of about 80,000 soldiers, mostly Afghans, but also including some Persians, Turks, Rohillas, etc.

  • Najib Khan: He was an influential Rohilla chief, who had allied with Abdali against the Marathas. He was a treacherous, greedy, and cruel leader, who had betrayed and killed many Indian rulers and people.

  • Surajmal Jat: He was the king of Bharatpur and the leader of the Jat community. He was a powerful, wealthy, and respected ruler, who had maintained his independence from both the Mughals and the Marathas. He had a large army of about 25,000 soldiers.

The events of the Panipat Book

The book narrates the events that led to and occurred during the Third Battle of Panipat in chronological order. Some of the major events are:

  • In 1760, Abdali invaded India for the sixth time with a huge army. He captured Delhi and plundered Mathura and Vrindavan.In 1760, Bhau led a large Maratha army towards Delhi to counter Abdali's invasion. He was accompanied by his son-in-law Vishwasrao, his daughter Parvatibai, and many other generals and nobles. He also had the support of some Indian states and rulers, such as the Sikhs, Rajputs, Jats, Mughals, etc.

  • On his way to Delhi, Bhau faced many challenges and obstacles, such as harsh weather, scarcity of food and water, hostile terrain, enemy attacks, and internal disputes. He also failed to secure the alliance of Surajmal Jat, who demanded Agra in return for his support. Bhau refused to give up Agra, which was a strategic and symbolic city for the Marathas.

  • In November 1760, Bhau reached Delhi and captured the city from the Mughals. He then marched towards Panipat, where Abdali had set up his camp. The two armies faced each other for two months, during which they engaged in skirmishes and negotiations. Abdali tried to persuade Bhau to withdraw from Delhi and accept his terms, but Bhau rejected his offers. Abdali also cut off the supply lines of the Marathas and harassed their camp with raids and artillery fire.

  • On 14 January 1761, the two armies finally clashed in a decisive battle at Panipat. The battle lasted for several hours and was fought with great ferocity and courage by both sides. The Marathas had an advantage in infantry and artillery, while the Afghans had an advantage in cavalry and mobility. The Marathas initially held their ground and inflicted heavy casualties on the Afghans. However, they suffered a major setback when Vishwasrao was killed by a stray bullet. This demoralized the Maratha army and affected their morale.

  • The turning point of the battle came when Abdali ordered a massive cavalry charge on the Maratha flanks and rear. This broke the Maratha formation and caused panic and confusion among their ranks. The Marathas tried to resist and fight back, but they were outnumbered and surrounded by the Afghans. Many Maratha generals and soldiers were killed or captured in the ensuing carnage. Bhau himself fought bravely till the end, but he was eventually slain by an Afghan soldier.

  • The battle ended with a crushing defeat for the Marathas and a decisive victory for the Afghans. The Marathas lost about 40,000 soldiers and 22,000 non-combatants in the battle and its aftermath. The Afghans lost about 20,000 soldiers in the battle. The Afghans also captured many Maratha women and children as prisoners and slaves. The battle also resulted in the death or capture of many prominent Maratha leaders, such as Bhau, Vishwasrao, Shamsher Bahadur, Jankoji Shinde, Ibrahim Khan Gardi, etc.

The aftermath of the Panipat Book

The Third Battle of Panipat had a profound impact on the history of India. It marked the end of the Maratha supremacy in northern India and paved the way for the British colonial rule. It also weakened the Mughal Empire and increased the influence of the Afghan invaders. The battle also left a deep scar on the psyche of the Maratha people, who mourned their losses for generations.

However, the battle did not completely destroy the Maratha Empire or their spirit. The Marathas soon recovered from their defeat and resumed their campaigns against their enemies. They recaptured Delhi from the Afghans in 1771 and regained most of their territories in India by 1782. They also avenged their defeat at Panipat by defeating Abdali's son Timur Shah Durrani at several battles in Punjab between 1788 and 1795.

The book also depicts how some of the survivors of the battle lived on and contributed to Indian history. For example:

  • Parvatibai escaped from captivity with the help of a Sikh chief named Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. She later married Sadashivrao's brother Raghunathrao and became a regent for her nephew Madhavrao I.

  • Mahadji Shinde, who was wounded in the battle, became one of the most powerful and influential Maratha generals and statesmen. He restored the Maratha authority in northern India and became the protector of the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II.

  • Malharrao Holkar, who survived the battle, continued to fight for the Maratha cause and expanded their territories in central India. He also supported the Peshwa against his rival Raghunathrao.

Panipat Book Review

The strengths of the Panipat Book

Panipat is a well-written and well-researched book that brings to life the history of the Third Battle of Panipat and its participants. The book has many strengths, such as:

  • It is based on authentic and reliable sources, such as historical records, eyewitness accounts, letters, diaries, etc. The author has also consulted various experts and scholars on the subject.

  • It is rich in details and descriptions, which create a vivid picture of the events and characters of the battle. The author has also used maps, illustrations, and photographs to enhance the understanding of the readers.

  • It is balanced and objective, which presents both sides of the story without bias or prejudice. The author has also avoided glorifying or vilifying any party or person involved in the battle.

  • It is engaging and captivating, which keeps the readers hooked till the end. The author has used a simple and lucid language, which makes the book accessible to a wide range of readers. The author has also used dialogues, anecdotes, and emotions to make the book more interesting and appealing.

The weaknesses of the Panipat Book